Illustration of comparison essay in theory of literature: the essential difference between classicism and sentimentalism

Illustration of comparison essay in theory of literature: the essential difference between classicism and sentimentalism

Literature is a special types of art that will help to know the present-day history also to know the way the primary tendencies of social development in past times were formed.

Write on formation of styles in the beginning of essay

The looks of classicism, which developed in Western European culture during the end of the seventeenth century, determined the ideological content of literary works, the strict system of poetic rules together with maxims of plot construction, reflecting the thought of orderliness and perfection associated with the universe, nature and culture.

The “sensitive” literature of sentimentalism that emerged within the last half regarding the eighteenth century was meant to teach and educate on examples and pictures that cause empathy, which awakens high feelings, guided by the idea that all evil can be overcome.

Within our literature as much as the start of the XIX century, classicism and sentimentalism developed, complementing one another and pursuing the exact same goal: to produce society perfect, by affirming the logical principles of morality additionally the rules of human behavior. Approaches to achieve this goal in the philosophy of classicism had been thought as the assertion of this supremacy of order, form, hierarchy and were predicated on an obvious division of artistic styles and genres. The theorists of classicism paid special attention to drama and poetry. Epic poems and tragedies when the foundation associated with the plot happens to be important historical events, and actors – the gods and strongest of this world, demanded a lofty poetic composition, ruled spatial turns. They certainly were related to the “high” genre.

The spoken language and stylistically lowered images could just be contained in satires, fables and comedies, which fixed this is of “low” genres. Obligatory observance of this unity of the time, place, action and guidelines of constructing tragedy and drama with publicity, zygote, development of action, culmination and resolution limited the alternative of stage-based discovery of images, but emphasized the inviolability of order, the bond of cause and impact, quality expression of the primary concept of the job. Sentimentalism allowed more freely to make use of the method of creative expression. Attention to household details, a description of emotional experiences, the image associated with the internal world of man and their closeness to nature demanded and new literary forms. The epistolary genre, sentimental novel, travel notes can be found in the literature. The development of sentimentalism greatly expanded the number of choices of artistic prose and caused it to be more democratic: the eye of both writers and readers had been the fate of a regular person, clear, close, causing interest and compassion.

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Thus, the essential difference between classicism and sentimentalism is as follows:

  • The main topic of the image into the works of classicism are essential, significant occasions that determine the fate of an individual who is obliged to obey the founded order and also the determined span of events.
  • In the exact middle of attention of writers – sentimentalists – the inner realm of heroes, effective at deeply feel and experience.
  • Classicism is a literary trend when the basis of this artistic method could be the division of works into “high”, “medium” and “low” genres.
  • Sentimentalism won’t have such a division, because its task is to teach the sensory faculties, using many visual method for this purpose.
  • The key genres of classicism are the epic poem, tragedy, ode, drama, heroic tale, comedy, satire and fable.
  • Genres attribute of sentimentalism are a novel, letters, diaries, travel records.
  • Classicalism argued educational some ideas on the basis of the subordination of personal feelings of debt to society.
  • Representatives of sentimentalism considered the inner realm of heroes as a harmonious whole.
  • They believed that educating a single individual, you can easily enhance the whole society.